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对口生学考试语文、英语试题卷
发布时间:2012-07-13 15:55:06 浏览次数:

河南省2012年普通高等学校对口招收中等职业学校毕业生考试
语文、英语试题卷

考生注意:所有答案都要写在答题卡上,写在试题卷上无效

一、选择题(语文1-10;英语11-60,其中词汇判断11-20;选择填空21-30;补充对话31-40;阅读理解41-50;完型填空51-60。每小题中只有一个选项是正确的,请将正确选项涂在答题卡上)
语文1-10(每小题2分,共20分)
1.下列词语中加点字的注音全部正确的一组是
A.脍炙人口(kuài)  言简意赅(gāi)  流水淙淙(zōng)
B.怙恶不悛(gǔ)  谆谆教诲(zhūn) 喟然长叹(kuì)
C.孝悌忠信(tì)  得鱼忘筌(quán) 方兴未艾(ài)
D.飞扬跋扈(hù)  沸反盈天(fú)  分道扬镳(biāo)
2.下列词语中,有错别字的一组是
A.留恋  厉害 利害得失 B.质疑  符合 随声附合
C.变换  旁证 旁征博引 D.株连  大意 微言大义
3.依次填入下列各句横线处的词语,最恰当的一组是
英国《卫报》的一篇评论曾这样写道:“19世纪,英国教会世界如何    ;20 世纪,美国教会世界如何    ;如果中国要    21世纪,它必须教会世界如何可持续发展。”这可能就是中国要在未来肩负起的责任。
A.出产  浪费  引领    B.生产  消费  引领
C.生产  浪费  领导    D.出产  消费  领导
4.下列各句中,没有语病的一项是
A.南昌八一起义纪念馆里陈列着周恩来当年使用过的好多种东西。  
B.博物馆展出了宋朝时期新出土的古船。
C.这个村很好地执行了党的富民政策,近两年不但实行了种植结构改革,
而且还没有抛荒一分一亩的土地。
D.居里夫人艰辛地在简陋的工作室里经过漫长的研究,后来在那里发现了镭。
5.下列作家、作品、体裁对应正确的一项是
A.曹禺――《林黛玉进贾府》――小说
B.老舍――《胡同文化》――小品文
C.孙犁――《荷花淀》――小说
D.沈从文――《边城》――散文
6.下列古诗词默写错误的一项是
A.多情自古伤离别,更那堪冷落清秋节。
B.少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。
C.昔我往兮,杨柳依依。今我来思,雨雪飞飞。
D.同是天涯沦落人,相逢何必曾相识!
7.下列对文学知识的解说,正确的一项是
A.《诗经》是我国第一部诗歌总集,共收录诗歌305首。内容上分为风、雅、颂、赋、比、兴,其中风、雅、颂是《诗经》的精华部分。
B.李白是我国文学史上第一位伟大的浪漫主义诗人,有“诗圣”之称。《将进酒》是其饮酒诗的代表作。
C.苏轼,号东坡居士,四川人。他是唐代古文运动的领导者,位居“唐宋八大家”之首。他在诗、词、文方面都取得了辉煌的成就,有《东坡全集》、《东坡乐府》。   
D.朱自清,现代著名散文家。其散文以清隽、沉郁、语言洗练、文笔清丽著称。代表作《荷塘月色》、《背影》等。
8.下列各句与修辞手法对应错误的一项是
A.小屋点缀了山,什么来点缀小屋呢?那是树!――设问
B.北京城像一块大豆腐,四方四正。――比喻
C.珍珠是贝痛苦的结晶,是海的泪。――比拟
D.太阳从地平线上露出笑脸,用她那柔美的金色手指,悄悄地捡走了草地上的珠玑。――借代
9.下列各句标点符号使用正确的一项是
A.曾有画油画的人说:江南不宜画油画。大概就是因为江南雨多,或者他那油画技法只宜对付洋式的对象。
B.你现在没有资格跟我说话――矿上已经把你开除了?
C.与其在街上瞎逛,我想,不如就去看看那棵树吧?
D.荔枝原产于我国――是我国的特产,海南岛和廉江有野生的荔枝林,可为我国是原产地的明证。
10.下列各句中“以”是介词的一项是
A.夫夷以近,则游者众   
B.余与四人拥火以入
C.秦贪,负其强,以空言求璧
D.以其求思之深而无不在也

    词汇判断11-20(每小题1分,共10分)
11.展示,显示
A.show         B.shoe      C.shop       D.shout
12.节省
A.safe    B.save   C.said       D.sad
13.团圆,重聚
A.reunion  B.retire  C.reuse          D.return
14.收据,发票
A.receive  B.return  C.receipt      D.reject
15.音乐
A.music  B.TV   C.film          D.movie
16.成员
A.family  B.message  C.mission   D.member
17.卧室,寝室
A.bathroom  B.bedroom  C.classroom      D.restroom
18.部,系
A.department B.station  C.government  D.supermarket
19.敬佩,尊重
  A.research  B.realize  C.recite   D.respect
20.航班
A.flight  B.light   C.fight    D.fighting
选择填空21-30(每小题2分,共20分)
21.Our teacher told us that the earth _____ from west to east.
A.turn       B.turns  
C.has turn               D.had turned
22.There are lots of _____ there, but hardly any _____.
A.sheeps; people                B.sheeps;peoples  
C.sheep; peoples          D.sheep; people
23.Oh. John, _____ you gave me !
A.How a pleasant surprise     B.How pleasant a surprise   C.What a pleasant surprise  D.What pleasant surprise
24.Lucy _____ early in the morning.
A.is used to getting up      B.is used to get up          C.used to getting up       D.used to get
25.E-mail, as well as telephones, _____ an important part in daily communication.
A. is playing                B.have played  
C. are playing              D.play
26.We _____ play games in class.
A.are allowed                  B.are not allowing  
C.are not allowed to         D.was not allowed to
27.--- I feel       before the interview.
--- Take it easy. Sure you are the best.
A.patient  B.serious  C.nervous  D.cool
28.When did you _____ the army?
A.take part in B.joined  C.join   D.gather
29._____ he is only six years old, _____ he can speak fluent French.
A.Though; but       B.Since; /  
C.Because; and           D.Though; /
30.I think I can meet you _____.
A.sometimes B.some days C.some times   D.someday
    补充对话31-40(每小题2分,共20分)
31.-----I wonder if I could use your car for tonight.
    ----- __________.
A.Sure, go ahead    B.I don’t know  
C.Yes, in deed           D.I don’t care
32.----- Have you finished your first paper?
    ----- __________. Just half of it . How about you?
A.Not at all               B.Not likely  
C.Not a bit            D.Not yet
33.----- How are things going with you?
    ----- __________.
A.Quite well, thank you    B.Don’t ask me the problem  C.Thank you, and you   D.Pleased to tell you
34.----- Could you help me prepare the food?
    ----- __________.
A.No problem         B.No, I’m very busy now  
C.No, I couldn’t             D.Yes, thank you

35.----- I think English is more difficult than Chinese.
    ----- __________.
A.I really can’t agree with you  B.Don’t say it like this  C.That’s a good idea      D.That’s all right
36.----- Shall we go to play football?
    -----           .
A. No,I don’t like it at all  B.Thank you just the same  
C. Yes, that’s true         D.Thank you for the message
37.----- What’s your father?
    -----           .
A.Fifty years old         B.He is a teacher 
C.He is in here         D.He loves our family
38.----- Whose pencil is it on the desk?
    -----           .
A.Mine             B.It is him   
C.Nobody                D.It’s everybody
39. ----- What’s for breakfast today?
   -----           .
 A.It’s a cup of milk    B.You are very kind    
 C.Bread, milk and hamburgers D.Not at all
40. ----- Let me help you with maths?
   -----           .
 A.Yes, I can      B.It’s very kind of you to do so for me
 C.Good idea     D.I’d like it
  阅读理解41-50(每小题2分,共20分)

Passage 1
Happiness is important for everyone. Most people want to be happy but few know how to find happiness. Money and success don’t bring lasting happiness. Happiness depends on ourselves. In other words, we make our own happiness.
Some people believe that if they are wealthy, they will be able to do anything they want, which means happiness. On the other hand, some people believe that holding a high position in the government is happiness. In this way, you have not only money, but also many other things which can’t be bought by money. However, other people believe that having lots of money is not happiness, nor is holding a high position in the government. These people value their beliefs, or their intelligence, or their health. They think these can make them happy.
Here are a few ways to help you be happier :
The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future, for example, getting into college or getting a good job, that we don’t enjoy the present. You should enjoy life’s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have close friends usually enjoy happier and healthier lives.
The second secret of happiness is to be active. Many people go dancing or play sports. People can forget about their problems and only think about the activities.
Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. According to studies, people feel good when they volunteer their time to do many meaningful things for other people. If you want to feel happier, do something nice for someone. You can help a friend with his or her studies, go shopping to get food for an old neighbor, or simply help around the house.
Now maybe you know how to find happiness!
    41.The underlined word “wealthy” means “__________” in the article.
    A.pleased  B.healthy  C.excited  D.rich
    42.Some people who hold a high position in the government think they can _________.
A.get money and something they can’t buy with money  
B.do what they want to do at any time   
C.enjoy health which makes them work hard   
D.take an active part in all kinds of activities every day
43.The writer thinks the secret of happiness is that people ___________.
A.think about getting a good job    
B.think of presents they don’t like   
C.often spend time with close friends   
D.often spend time on entering the college
44.Many people find it happy to ___________.
A.remember the old days and troubles  
B.do some meaningful things for others   
C.go shopping to buy some food   
D.make much money and little success
45.The passage mainly tells us __________.
A.how to find happiness   B.how to save happiness   
C.to do something good for others D.to value our beliefs or health
Passage 2
Perhaps you have heard a lot about the Internet, but what is it, do you know? The Internet is a network. It uses the telephone to join millions of computers together, around the world.
Maybe that doesn’t sound very interesting. But when you surf on the Internet, there are lots of things you can do :You can send E-mails to your friends, and they can get them in a few seconds. You can also do with all kinds of information on the World Wide Web (WWW).
There are many different kinds of computers now. They all can be joined to the Internet. Most of them are small machines sitting on people’s desk at home, but there are still many others at schools, offices or large companies. These computers are owned by people and companies, but no one really owns the Internet itself.
There are lots of places for you to go into the Internet. For example, your school may have the Internet. You can use it during lessons or free time. Libraries often have computers joined to the Internet. You are welcome to use at any time.
Thanks to the Internet, the world is becoming smaller and smaller. It is possible for you to work at home with a computer in front, getting and sending the information you need. You can buy or sell whatever you want by the Internet. But do you know 98% of the information of the Internet is in English? So what will English be like tomorrow?
46.What is the passage mainly about?
A.E-mail      B.Internet  
C.Information     D.Computer
47.Which is the quickest and cheapest way to send messages to your friends?
A.By telephone     B.By post   
C.By E-mail     D.By satellites
48.Which may be the most possible place for people to work in tomorrow?
A.In the company     B.At home    
C.At school            D.In the office
49.Who’s the owner of the Internet?
A.The user      B.The officer 
C.The headmaster    D.No one


50.What does the writer try to tell us with the last two sentences of the passage?
A.Every computer user must have a computer.   
B.English is important in using the Internet.   
C.The Internet is more and more popular.  
D.Most of the information is in English.
完型填空51-60(每小题1分,共10分)
“Thank you”is widely used in a modern society.It is   51   very good manner.You should say“Thank you”   52   others help you or say something kind to you.For example,when someone passes the salt on the table   53   you,when someone   54   ahead of you opens the door for you,when someone says you have done your work well,when someone says you have bought a   55   thing,or your city is very beautiful.you should say“Thank you”.“Thank you”is used not only between friends,but also between parents and children, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives.
“Excuse me”is   56   short polite way.We use it the same as“Thank you”.When you hear someone say so behind you, you’ve got to know that somebody
  57   to walk past you without touching you.If you want to have   58   with one of them,please say“Excuse me”first,and then begin to talk.You should   59   do so when you want to cough or make any unpleasant noise   60   others.Let’s say “Thank you”and“Excuse me”on the right occasion.
51.A.the       B./   C.an   D.a
52.A.however  B.whatever  C.whenever  D.wherever
53.A.from   B.on        C.into       D.to
54.A.walks     B.passes     C.walking   D.passing
55.A.plastic    B.nice      C.gray     D.bored
56.A.the other   B.another     C.other    D.others
57.A.wanted    B.will want   C.wants    D.wanting
58.A.a dinner   B.a word     C.a play     D.a sign
59.A.also       B.as well    C.either     D.too
60.A.after      B.before     C.behind    D.below


语文(80分)

二、文言文阅读(18分)
阅读下面的文字,完成61―63题
于是舍人相与谏曰:“臣所以去亲戚而事君者,徒慕君之高义也。今君与廉颇同列,廉君宣恶言,而君畏匿之,恐惧殊甚。且庸人尚羞之,况于将相乎!臣等不肖,请辞去。”蔺相如固止之,曰:“公之视廉将军孰与秦王?”曰:“不若也。”相如曰:“夫以秦王之威,而相如廷叱之,辱其群臣。相如虽驽,独畏廉将军哉?顾吾念之,强秦之所以不敢加兵于赵者,徒以吾两人在也。今两虎共斗,其势不俱生。吾所以为此者,以先国家之急而后私仇也。”
61.解释文中加点的词语。(每空1分,共5分)
    相与:                甚:                 羞之:                
驽:                  顾:                
62.把文中划线的句子翻译成现代汉语。(每句3分,共9分)
    臣所以去亲戚而事君者,徒慕君之高义也。                            
    臣等不肖,请辞去。                                                  
    今两虎共斗,其势不俱生。                                          
63.本文段选自《史记》中的《                  》,作者是              。
《史记》是我国第一部              ,共有     篇。(每空1分,共4分)
三、现代文阅读(22分)
阅读下面的文字,完成64―69题
她也是一个美丽动人的姑娘,好像由于命运的差错,生在一个小职员的家里。她没有陪嫁的资产,也没有什么法子让一个有钱的体面人认识她,了解她,爱她,娶她,最后只得跟教育部的一个小书记结了婚。
她不能够讲究打扮,只好穿得朴朴素素,但是她觉得很不幸,好像这降低了她的身份似的。因为在妇女,美丽、丰韵、娇媚,就是她们的出身;天生的聪明、优美的资质、温柔的性情,就是她们唯一的资格。
她觉得她生来就是为着过高雅和奢华的生活,因此她不断地感到痛苦。住宅的寒伧、墙壁的黯淡、家具的破旧、衣料的粗陋,都使她苦恼。这些东西,在别的跟她一样地位的妇人也许不会挂在心上,然而她却因此痛苦,因此伤心。她看着那个替她做琐碎家事的勃雷大涅省的小女仆,心里就引起悲哀的感慨和狂乱的梦想。她梦想那些幽静的厅堂,那里装饰着东方的帷幕,点着高脚的青铜灯,还有两个穿短裤的仆人,躺在宽大的椅子里,被暖炉的热气烘得打盹儿;她梦想那些宽敞的客厅,那里张挂着古式的壁衣,陈设着精巧的木器、珍奇的古玩;她梦想那些华美的香气扑鼻的小客室,在那里,下午五点钟的时候,她跟最亲密的男朋友闲谈,或者跟那些一般女人所最仰慕最乐于结识的男子闲谈。
64.结合上面的文字,解释文中加点词语的含义。(每空2分,共6分)
    资格:                寒伧:                壁衣:            
65.怎样理解文中划线句子的意义?(4分)
66.以上三段文字在小说中起了什么作用?(4分)
67.以上三段文字所用的主要修辞手法是什么?(2分)
68.第(3)段刻画人物的方法主要是什么?(2分)
69.上面文字出自著名小说《                》,作者是19世纪       国批判现实
     主义小说家             。他被誉为“              ”。(每空1分,共4分)

四、作文(40分)
  70.阅读下面的材料,按要求作文。
  一个酷爱大自然的人,每年十月都要去看野鸭南飞。后来,他大发慈悲,带着饲料到池塘边去喂野鸭。几年下来,有些野鸭不仅不再南飞过冬,而且变得又胖又懒,连飞也飞不起来了。人们可以很容易地驯服野鸭,但要把驯服的鸭子再变成野鸭就很困难了。
要求:请根据以上材料,以“依赖与自强”为话题写一篇不少于600字的文章,题目自拟,立意自定,文体自选。
题目:                              

英语(20分)

五、汉译英(每小题4分,共20分)
71.对我们来说学习英语是很重要的。
72.他总是尽力使周围的人快乐。
73.据说三分之二的学生喜欢网上聊天。
74.我们的生活充满了机遇和挑战。
75.我想要的不是钱,而是幸福。

 

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